It’s no surprise that the first industry to be heavily regulated regarding social media use was the financial services industry. The predominant factor that drove regulators to address the viral qualities of social media was the fiduciary nature of investing that accompanies securities, coupled with the potential detrimental financial impact these offerings could have on investors.
Although there is no explicit language in FINRA’s Regulatory Notices 10-06 (January 2010) or 11-30 (August 2011) requiring archival, the record keeping component of the notices necessitate social media archiving in most cases due to the sheer volume of data produced on social media sites. Melanie Kalemba, Vice President of Business Development at SocialWare in Austin, Texas states:
“Our clients in the financial industry have led the way, they have paved the road for other industries, making social media usage less daunting. Best practices for monitoring third-party content, record keeping responsibilities, and compliance programs are available and developed for other industries to learn from. The template is made.”
eDiscovery and Privacy Implications. Privacy laws are an important aspect of social media use that impact discoverability. Discovery and privacy represent layers of the Rubik’s cube in the ever-changing and complex social media environment. No longer are social media cases only personal injury suits or HR incidents, although those are plentiful. For example, in Largent v. Reed the court ruled that information posted by a party on their personal Facebook page was discoverable and ordered the plaintiff to provide user name and password to enable the production of the information. In granting the motion to compel the Defendant’s login credentials, Judge Walsh acknowledged that Facebook has privacy settings, and that users must take “affirmative steps” to keep their information private. However, his ruling determined that no social media privacy privilege exists: “No court has recognized such a privilege, and neither will we.” He further reiterated his ruling by adding, “[o]nly the uninitiated or foolish could believe that Facebook is an online lockbox of secrets.”
Then there are the new cases emerging over social media account ownership which affect privacy and discoverability. In the recently filed Phonedog v. Kravitz, 11-03474 (N.D. Cal.; Nov. 8, 2011), the lines between the “professional” versus the “private” user are becoming increasingly blurred. This case also raises questions about proprietary client lists, valuations on followers, and trade secrets – all of which are further complicated when there is no social media policy in place. The financial services industry has been successful in implementing effective social media policies along with technology to comply with agency mandates – not only because they were forced to by regulation, but because they have developed best practices that essentially incorporate social media into their document retention policies and information governance infrastructures.
Regulatory Framework. Adding another Rubik’s layer are the multitude of regulatory and compliance issues that many industries face. The most active and vocal regulators for guidance in the US on social media have been FINRA, the SEC and the FTC. FINRA initiated guidance to the financial services industry, and earlier this month the SEC issued their alert. The SEC’s exam alert to registered investment advisers issued on January 4, 2012 was not meant to be a comprehensive summary for compliance related to the use of social media. Instead, it lays out staff observations of three major categories: third party content, record keeping and compliance – expounding on FINRA’s notice.
Last year the FTC issued an extremely well done Preliminary FTC Staff Report on Protecting Consumer Privacy in an Era of Rapid Change: A Proposed Framework for Businesses and Policymakers. Three main components are central to the report. The first is a call for all companies to build privacy and security mechanisms into new products – considering the possible negative ramifications at the outset, avoiding social media and privacy issues as an afterthought. The FTC has cleverly coined the notion, “Privacy by Design.” Second, “Just-In-Time” is a concept about notice and encourages companies to communicate with the public in a simple way that prompts them to make informed decisions about their data in terms that are clear and that require an affirmative action (i.e., checking a box). Finally, the FTC calls for greater transparency around data collection, use and retention. The FTC asserts that consumers have a right to know what kind of data companies collect, and should have access to the sensitivity and intended use of that data. The FTC’s report is intended to inform policymakers, including Congress, as they legislate on privacy – and to motivate companies to self-regulate and develop best practices.
David Shonka, Principal Deputy General Counsel at the FTC in Washington, D.C., warns, “There is a real tension between the situations where a company needs to collect data about a transaction versus the liabilities associated with keeping unneeded data due to privacy concerns. Generally, archiving everything is a mistake.” Shonka arguably reinforces the case for instituting an intelligent archive, whether a company is regulated or not; an archive that is selective about what it ingests based on content, and that has an appropriate deletion cycle applied to defined data types/content according to a policy. This will ensure expiry of private consumer information in a timely manner, but retains the benefits of retrieval for a defined period if necessary.
The Non-Regulated Use Case. When will comprehensive social media policies, retention and monitoring become more prevalent in the non-regulated sectors? In the case of FINRA and the SEC, regulations were issued to the financial industry. In the case of the FTC, guidance had been given to companies regarding how to avoid false advertisement and protect consumer privacy. The two are not dissimilar in effect. Both require a social media policy, monitoring, auditing, technology, and training. While there is no clear mandate to archive social media if you are in a non-regulated industry, this can’t be too far away. This is evidenced by companies that have already implemented social media monitoring systems for reasons like brand promotion/protection, or healthcare companies that deal with highly sensitive information. If social media is replacing email, and social media is essentially another form of electronic evidence, why would social media not be part of the integral document retention/expiry procedures within an organization?
Content-based monitoring and archiving is possible with technology available today, as the financial sector has demonstrated. Debbi Corej, who is a compliance expert for the financial sector and has successfully implemented an intensive social media program, says it perfectly: “How do you get to yes? Yes you can use social media, but in a compliant way.” The answer can be found at LegalTech New York – January 30 @ 2:00pm.